The AIDS Virus In Cats
Despite their strong and independent personality, cats are sensitive animals that can develop numerous diseases. Among them, AIDS in cats is one of the most frequent and worrying pathologies affecting the feline population.
Fortunately, today there is an effective treatment for feline AIDS that increases the life expectancy of the infected cat. However, prevention is the best way to preserve your child’s good health. Next, we will look at the symptoms, the ways of infection and prevention of AIDS in cats.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)
In principle, it should be clarified that VIF only affects cats and cannot be transmitted to humans. It is a type of virus that mainly affects and destroys T-lymphocytes in the immune system of felines.
It should be remembered that HIV (or HIV) that causes human AIDS is an entirely different virus, even if it acts similarly in the human body.
By destroying lymphocytes, the VIF leaves the cat’s organism most vulnerable to numerous diseases. Because you have weakened natural defenses, infections or simpler pathologies can harm your health.
The most serious aspect is that, when feline AIDS is not adequately treated, these secondary diseases can lead to death.
AIDS in cats is a chronic disease that does not yet have a known cure. Its progress in the animal’s organism leads to a progressive deterioration of its immune system . However, responsible and adequate treatment can provide a good quality of life to the affected feline.
Forms of contagion
Feline AIDS is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or saliva of an infected cat. This contact usually occurs mainly during fights between felines. For this reason, stray cats are more exposed to infection with such a pathology.
Infection with VIF among felines during sexual intercourse has not yet been verified. However, AIDS in cats can also be transmitted congenital. In other words, the mother can transmit the VIF to her offspring during pregnancy or during childbirth.
To avoid risks, castration or sterilization of infected felines is highly recommended to control the spread of feline AIDS. And it is also essential to combat street overcrowding and the proliferation of various contagious diseases.
Symptoms of AIDS in cats
The first symptoms of feline AIDS may appear a few months after contact with the VIF. In principle, they are usually general and unspecific, and intensify with the evolution of the disease.
Generally speaking, owners realize that something is wrong when their minino begins to be affected by recurrent infections. That is, the cat suddenly begins to suffer infections and is constantly ill.
However, some cats can live for years without any symptoms and lead a completely normal life. That is why it is so important to regularly attend the veterinarian and do the necessary studies to verify the health status of your child.
The main symptoms that may be associated with AIDS in cats are as follows:
- Progressive appetite and weight loss.
- Loss of shine in her coat.
- Recurrent diseases and infections.
- Conjunctivitis (inflammation of connective tissue).
- Fertility problems (and abortions in females).
- Progressive mental impairment.
Treatment of AIDS in cats
The treatment of feline AIDS is basically to strengthen and prevent the deterioration of the immune system of the infected cat. Feeding will be a key factor in improving endurance and maintaining the good health of your child. In addition, there are vitamins and natural supplements that can help improve your natural defenses.
After confirming the diagnosis, the veterinarian may also consider the administration of some antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory drugs. These drugs will help fight or prevent the progression of underlying diseases.
It will be essential to avoid exposing the infected child to conditions and contexts that put his or her health at risk. For example, outings to the outside should be avoided by the high risk of coming into contact with pathogens or getting involved in a street fight.
Along with the above, the cat should live in a positive and safe environment, and receive the proper care, vaccinations and food it needs, in order to have an excellent quality of life.
When it comes to the health of our children, prevention is the key word. To prevent AIDS in cats, the following basic care needs to be taken:
- Balanced, complete and high quality nutrition.
- Preventive medicine throughout the life of the cat. This must necessarily include visits to the veterinarian every six months and respect the veterinarian’s letter of vaccination and regular deworming.
- Reproductive control (castration or sterilization).
- Physical activity and mental stimulation in an enriched environment.
- Positive environment, safe and with optimal hygiene.
- Education and socialization to avoid escapes and reduce the risk of fights with other cats.